September 24, 2017

Nonverbal Humans Translate Best into Veterinary Medicine

Mark Epstein, DVM, DABVP (Canine/Feline), CVPP, medical director of TotalBond Veterinary Hospitals and Carolinas Animal Pain Management in Gastonia, North Carolina, talks about the domain in human recognition assessment of pain that has translated best into veterinary medicine.


Mark Epstein, DVM, DABVP (Canine/Feline), CVPP, medical director of TotalBond Veterinary Hospitals and Carolinas Animal Pain Management in Gastonia, North Carolina, talks about the domain in human recognition assessment of pain that has translated best into veterinary medicine.

The neonate—which are children who can't yet verbalize or anyone who may have a cognitive injury—are the ones that translate best into veterinary medicine from behavioral assessments, facial expressions, and other indicators of daily living.

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